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Athens, the Acropolis
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Putopisac:  Ana80 [ Pon Mar 21, 2011 2:52 pm ]
Naslov teme:  Athens, the Acropolis

Everything and everyone in Athens seems to be drawn irresistibly towards the Acropolis, the 156-metre high limestone rock that crowns the city. Clearly visible from any part of Athens, the delicately poised and dazzling white columns of the Parthenon stand out against the blue background of the sky, an immortal symbol of the spirit and genius of man.


Archaeological excavations carried out on the slopes and on the flat summit of the Acropolis have disclosed that this great Sacred rock was first inhabited in the Neolithic Ages some 6,000 years ago. First the Pelasgians and later the Ionians came to settle here living in the caves mainly along the northern side. In times of danger they sought refuge on its summit. Its natural springs attracted tribe after tribe to its slopes and with the passing of centuries the small settlements spread to the neighbouring regions of Pnyx Hill, the Agora and Keramikos.

Uninterrupted occupation led to the growth of the city until the middle of the 6th century BC. Athens extended as far as the foothills of Lycabettus and Mount Hymettus. The first stone temples were built in the beginning of the 6th century BC, replacing the wooden ones. The Parthenon was dedicated to the Goddess Athena. Some of the sculptures from its pediments are housed in the Acropolis Museum.

During the Persian wars the Acropolis was sacked (480-479 BC). The splendid monuments today date from the great era of reconstruction under Pericles, between 460-429 BC. From that time, and throughout the Middle Ages, the Acropolis has remained almost intact.

Fortifications, embelishments and changes were made by its variuos conquerors. In 429 AD the temples were converted into Christian Orthodox churches and later, under the Turkish occupation, the Partheon was made into a mosque.

During the Venetian siege of Athens in 1687, some of the buildings were partially destroyed by cannon balls and a fire which raged for two days.

Taken from Greece, Toubi's Editions

Putopisac:  Ana80 [ Pon Apr 18, 2011 11:11 am ]
Naslov teme:  The Parthenon

The apparent simplicity and design of the Parthenon, a building famous around the world for its architectural beauty and harmony, is the temple of the virgin (in Greek "parthena") Athena.
It is built of Pendelic marble in the Doric style and it took 15 years to be built (447-432 BC).

Putopisac:  Ana80 [ Pon Apr 18, 2011 11:23 am ]
Naslov teme:  Temple of Athena Nike

The delicate and graceful structure to the right of the Propylaea (the monumental entrance to the Acropolis) is the small temple of Athena Nike, also known as temple of the "Wingless Victory", built in the 5th century BC to commemorate the Greek victories over the Persians. Its frieze depicts scenes from the battles. In this small temple the Athenians paid homage to Athena Nike without wings, so that she might not fly away from Athens.

Putopisac:  GrettaT [ Uto Jul 12, 2011 8:42 pm ]
Naslov teme:  Re: Athens, the Acropolis

I've always wanted to visit Greece especially Athens. With the economy in trouble there, is it safe to travel to Greece at this time? Also since the economy is in shambles, is it any cheaper to travel there? I would think that ones money would go far in Greece.

Putopisac:  reeta [ Čet Sep 11, 2014 9:11 am ]
Naslov teme:  Re: Athens, the Acropolis

The Egyptians believed the dark area of the night sky with the stars was the physical gateway into the heavens. One of the narrow shafts that extends from the main burial chamber through the entire body of the Great Pyramid points directly towards the sky. This suggests that the pyramid may have been designed to serve as a means to magically launch the deceased pharaoh's soul directly into the abode of the Gods.

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